(1) General Intent and Purpose. It is the intent of these requirements that adequate parking and loading facilities be provided off the street for each use of land within the city. Requirements are intended to be based on the demand created by each use. These requirements shall apply to all uses in all districts. Off-street parking areas shall be constructed in accordance with the standards contained in this section.
(2) Parking in Yards
(a) Off-street parking or loading space shall be a part of the required open space associated with the permitted use and shall not be reduced or encroached upon in any manner.
i. Parking for single-family detached houses, two-family houses and townhouses may be located within the required front yard, on a paved driveway – or original surface – leading to an attached or detached garage.
ii. Parking for Industrial or commercial uses shall not occupy the front fifteen (15) feet of the required front yard and shall be separated from the side and rear lot lines by a yard of five (5) feet in width.
(3) Location. The off-street parking lot shall be located within 200 feet, exclusive of street and alley widths, of the principal use and shall have direct access to a street or alley, except as otherwise provided herein. In residential areas parking shall only be provided on paved areas such as driveway approaches and in garages or carports.
a. Carports are allowed for single-family houses, two family houses, and town homes, provided the following stipulations are satisfied:
i. The carport is situated behind the front façade of the main structure in all lots and also behind the side façade that faces a public right-of-way in the case of corner lots;
ii. The carport, once constructed, will meet the minimum wind and snow loads as determined by the City’s most recently adopted version of the International Building Code;
iii. Manufactured or prefabricated carports that are temporary in nature or attached to a larger structure in a way that does not require a building permit may be located in the required side yard setback, provided that application for a carport is accompanied by a surveyed and staked plot plan of the property as deemed necessary by the Code Administrator;
iv. Carports that are permanent in nature and constructed as part of a larger structure (thereby requiring a building permit) must comply with side yard setback requirements; and
v. Only passenger cars, passenger vans (including minivans), full size vans, conversion vans, pickup trucks, motorcycles, recreational vehicles, boats, empty hauling trailers, all-terrain vehicles, and lawn tractors/mowers that are fully operable, functioning, and that meet the provisions of Chapter 8, Article 3 of the Eudora City Code (as applicable) may be stored under a carport.
b. Each residence is permitted, subject to the restrictions specified in this Section, to park or store, outside a garage, not more than one (1) recreational vehicle; provided, however, that no such item shall exceed fourteen (14) feet in height, eight (8) feet six (6) inches in width and forty-four (44) feet in length.
i. No such parking or storage of a recreational vehicle shall occur between the street and the front building line of the residence (and corner side yard on corner lots) with the exception of two occurrences – not to exceed 72 hours each – in a 30 day period.
1. Parking of such recreational vehicles in the front or side designated parking area that creates a hazard to others by obstructing the view or ingress or egress from any abutting property is prohibited.
ii. No recreational vehicle shall be used as living quarters within the boundaries of the City of Eudora unless such recreational vehicle is parked in an area specifically approved by the governing body as a campground or as a location for temporary or emergency housing.
iii. Homeowners and occupants of residential property who own a recreational vehicle on the date of the enactment of this amendment shall be grandfathered with regard to the recreational vehicle’s parking location, provided:
1. The homeowner or occupant obtain a permit from the City of Eudora within six (6) months from the date of the enactment of this ordinance, and
2. The permit from the City of Eudora identifies the initial parking location on private property.
Homeowners and occupants of residential property will continue to be grandfathered as long as they continuously own a recreational vehicle and own or reside at the residential property identified in the City of Eudora permit. A new homeowner or occupant of the residential property shall not be entitled to a permit and must comply with the storage and parking regulations as otherwise required by this code.
(4) Joint Parking Facilities. Whenever two or more uses are located together in a common building, shopping center, or other integrated building complex, the parking requirements may be complied with by providing permanent common parking facilities, co-operatively established and operated, which contains the requisite number of spaces for each use. The total number of spaces provided shall not be less than the sum of the individual requirements. Spaces provided for permanent residents of dwellings shall be clearly designated and separated from spaces provided for employees, customers, and service.
(5) Ownership or Control of Lot. The land upon which the off-street parking lot is located shall be owned or controlled by the same entity which owns or controls the land on which the principal use is located.
(6) Size of Off-Street Parking Space. The size of a parking space for one vehicle shall consist of a rectangular area having dimensions of not less than nine feet wide by 18 feet long, plus adequate area for ingress and egress.
(7) Amount of Off-Street Parking and Loading Required.
(a) Off-street parking and loading facilities shall be provided in all districts in accordance with the following schedule.
i. Dwelling, Single-family. A minimum of three parking spaces.
ii. Dwelling, Two-Family. A minimum of three parking spaces, for each separate dwelling unit within the structure.
iii. Dwelling, Multifamily. A minimum of three parking spaces for each separate dwelling unit within the structure.
iv. Boarding or Rooming House or Hotel. One parking space for each two guests provided overnight accommodations plus one space for each two employees.
v. Hospitals, Sanitariums, Convalescent or Nursing Homes. One space for each three patient beds, exclusive of bassinets, plus one space for each staff or visiting doctor, plus one space for each two employees including nurses, plus adequate area for the parking of emergency vehicles.
vi. Medical or Dental Clinics or Offices: One parking space for each 100 square feet of gross floor area in the building, exclusive of the area used for storage, utilities, and building service areas.
vii. Community Center, Theater, Auditorium. One parking space for each three seats, based on maximum seating capacity.
viii. Convention Hall, Lodge, Club, Museum. Place of Amusement or Recreation. One parking space for each 50 square feet of floor area used for assembly or recreation in the building.
ix. Office Building. One parking space for each 250 square feet of gross floor area in the building, exclusive of the area used for storage, utilities, and building service area with no parking permitted in the front yard.
x. Restaurant. One parking space for each 100 square feet of gross floor area in the building, exclusive of the area used for utilities and building services, plus one parking space for every two employees.
xi. Commercial Establishments Not Otherwise Classified: One parking space for each 200 square feet of floor space in the building used for retail trade, or used by the public, whichever is the greater, plus one space for every two employees.
xii. Industrial Establishments. Adequate area to park all employees' and customers' vehicles at all times and adequate space for loading, unloading, and storing all vehicles used incidental to or as a part of the primary operation of the establishment.
xiii. Church Sanctuary. One parking space for each three seats, based on maximum seating capacity; provided, however, that churches may establish joint parking facilities for not to exceed 50 percent of the required spaces, with public institutions and agencies that do not have a time conflict in parking demand. The joint parking facility shall be located not to exceed 400 feet from the church sanctuary.
xiv. Mortuary. One parking space for each two employees plus one parking space for each three seats.
xv. Tavern. One parking space for each employee plus one parking space for each two seats.
xvi. Library. One parking space for each two employees plus one parking space for each 200 square feet of service floor area.
(b) For all uses not covered above, the Planning Commission shall make a determination of the parking demand to be created by the proposed use, and the amount of parking thus determined shall be the off-street parking requirement for the permitted use.
(8) Residential Driveways and Parking Spaces: Residential driveways connecting to public streets shall be installed at locations approved by the Codes Administrator and the City Public Works Superintendent.
(a) Driveway entrances within the street right-of-way shall be six inches thick Portland concrete and reinforced with six by six inch welded fabric or ½ inch rebar on 24 inch centers each way.
(b) Driveways and parking spaces shall be constructed of four inches thick Portland concrete reinforced with six by six inch welded fabric or ½ inch rebar on 24 inch centers each way or four inches compacted asphalt over two inches crushed rock base.
(c) Driveways and parking spaces further than twenty (20) feet from the adjacent street right-of-way shall be four inches thick Portland concrete reinforced with six inch by six inch welded fabric or ½ inch rebar on twenty four (24) inch centers each way or four inches compacted asphalt over two inches crushed rock base, or six inches crushed rock base, provided that:
i. The lot area is over one acre;
ii. The lot is located in an RA or RS district; and
iii. The driveway and parking space is at least ten (10) feet in width and sixty (60) feet in length.
(d) Residential driveways for single-family houses, two family houses and town homes shall be a minimum width of eighteen (18) feet when located in the required front yard.
i. In the case of corner lots that require side yard driveway access as their main driveway, front yard driveway width requirements shall apply.
(e) Residential driveways for single-family houses may be located up to a side lot line.
i. Application for residential driveways that are proposed to be located within a required side yard setback shall be accompanied by a surveyed and staked plot plan of the property as deemed necessary by the Code Administrator.
(f) Residential driveways for single-family houses shall be constructed in such a way that stormwater runoff is directed away from adjacent properties.
(9) Parking Lot Construction: Parking lot construction methods and materials shall be approved by the Planning Commission with the following minimums:
(a) At least six (6) inches of full depth asphaltic coverage;
(b) At least three (3) inches of asphaltic concrete over six (6) inches of crushed rock;
(c) At least six (6) inches of reinforced concrete;
(d) For parking areas used for storage of equipment or inventory in zoning districts (RM) multi-family housing, (RE) residential elderly housing, and (C) commercial, paving with hard surfaces is required.
(e) Off-street parking lots in (RM) multi-family housing, (RE) residential elderly housing, (C) commercial, (DC) downtown commercial, and (I) industrial shall be constructed with concrete curb and gutter.
(f) Parking lots in all zoning districts other than (I) industrial districts shall be reviewed by the Planning Commission with the following design guidelines:
i. Off-street parking lots should be integrated into the overall site design in a manner that provides convenient access without dominating the site. Buffering, screening, and other means of minimizing the visual impact of parking are important considerations.
ii. Parking lots should be screened from the surrounding street network and adjacent incompatible uses to limit the visual impact of parking areas on streets and adjoining land uses. Reducing the visual impact of parking maximizes the positive character of streets and buildings through continuity of buildings and streetscape frontages.
iii. Off-street parking and circulation drives should be shared throughout the development area of large sites where connectivity and circulation can be cost-effectively designed.
iv. Illumination of off-street parking areas should be provided with appropriate building mounted and/or pole mounted light fixtures, twenty (20) feet in height when adjacent to residential districts and up to twenty five (25) feet in height elsewhere, to limit glare on adjoining residential properties and present an aesthetically proportionate height to the height of adjacent building. Wall-pack fixtures and floodlights that project light outward rather than downward should not be permitted. Fixtures that project light or glare toward street right-of-way or adjoining properties are not permitted.
v. Loading and service areas should be located and designed to minimize visibility from streets and adjoining properties.
vi. Screen walls for parking, service and loading areas, and mechanical equipment should be designed to complement the architectural style of the adjacent buildings.
vii. Pedestrian connections with adjacent residential areas should be planned and incorporated wherever possible convenient access for nearby neighborhoods.
viii. To visually break up large parking areas, interior landscape islands should be provided.
(10) Driveway Construction: Driveway entrances and curbing within the public right-of-way shall be a minimum of six inches reinforced concrete and a 4,000 psi mix.
(11) Approval of Off-Street Parking: The Planning Commission shall approve all parking lot design and may require thicker pavement for heavier traffic.